Как иранские генералы руководят войной в Ираке

Рубрики: Ближний Восток, Ирак Опубликовано: 27-02-2015

The face stares out from multiple billboards in central Baghdad, a grey-haired general casting a watchful eye across the Iraqi capital. This military commander is not Iraqi, though. He's Iranian. The posters are a recent arrival, reflecting the influence Iran now wields in Baghdad. Iraq is a mainly Arab country. Its citizens, Shi'ite and Sunni Muslims alike, have long mistrusted Iran, the Persian nation to the east. But as Baghdad struggles to fight the Sunni extremist group Islamic State, many Shi'ite Iraqis now look to Iran, a Shi'ite theocracy, as their main ally. In particular, Iraqi Shi'ites have grown to trust the powerful Iranian-backed militias that have taken charge since the Iraqi army deserted en masse last summer. Dozens of paramilitary groups have united under a secretive branch of the Iraqi government called the Popular Mobilisation Committee, or Hashid Shaabi. Created by Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s predecessor Nuri al-Maliki, the official body now takes the lead role in many of Iraq's security operations. From its position at the nexus between Tehran, the Iraqi government, and the militias, it is increasingly influential in determining the country's future. Until now, little has been known about the body. But in a series of interviews with Reuters, key Iraqi figures inside Hashid Shaabi have detailed the ways the paramilitary groups, Baghdad and Iran collaborate, and the role Iranian advisers play both inside the group and on the frontlines.

Ирак. Самарра. Российская огнеметная система работает по силам Халифата

Рубрики: ВПК/Hi-Tech/Оружие, Ирак Опубликовано: 20-02-2015

Летом Россия поставила Ираку тяжелые реактивные огнеметные установки системы ТОС-1А "Солнцепек". Успешно применяется иракской армией против Халифата под Самаррой.

Поставщики террористической пехоты 2

Рубрики: Ближний Восток, Ирак Опубликовано: 31-01-2015

Альманах "Искусство Войны" не первый год знакомит русскоязычных читателей с составом бойцов Халифата. Washington Post обновила данные по зарубежным участникам и географии происхождения.

Как «Тойоты Хаоса» попадают в Халифат

Рубрики: Лучшее, Ближний Восток, Ирак Опубликовано: 22-01-2015

«Технички» давно стали символом войн на Ближнем Востоке и в Африке. Речь идет о пикапах с установленными в кузове станковыми пулеметами, зенитными установками или даже легкими безоткатными артиллерийскими орудиями и реактивными системами залпового огня. Название «техничка» появилось в 90-х годах в Сомали, когда гуманитарные организации платили местным боевикам на джипах с пулеметами за безопасность перемещения и оплата их услуг проходила в ведомостях по неброской графе «техническая поддержка». Боевые пикапы активно использовались в конфликтах в Чаде, Сомали, Судане, Руанде, Эфиопии, Либерии, Демократической республике Конго, Йемене, Сирии, Ираке, Афганистане и т.д. Впрочем, их историю можно вести еще со времен боев генерала Першинга с мексиканцами Панчо Вильи или англичан с турками в Палестине в начале 20-го века, когда пулеметы устанавливались на машины Willys-Overland и Ford-T.  

Зоны смерти вокруг Багдада и зачистка суннитов

Рубрики: Ирак Опубликовано: 18-12-2014

Shi'ite militias and Iraqi security forces, engaged in an all-or-nothing struggle with radical Sunni group Islamic State, are blasting the Sunni farmlands that encircle Baghdad with heavy weapons. Military officers call their target areas in the rural belt "killing zones." "In these parts, there are no civilians," said Lieutenant Colonel Haider Mohammed Hatem, deputy commander of the armed forces around Abu Ghraib, just west of the capital. "Everyone in these killing zones we consider Islamic State."

The death zones now scar the more than 200 km-long (124 mile) Baghdad Belt, as it is commonly known. Since January, at least 83,000 people, the vast majority of them Sunnis, have abandoned their homes in the rural area around the capital, according to the International Rescue Committee, an aid group. The figure could be higher, but is impossible to confirm because of the poor security situation. The exodus has turned the farmlands, where Shi'ites and Sunnis once lived side by side, into a no-man's land controlled by the government-backed militias and Shi'ite-dominated army.

Prime Minister Haider Abadi, a moderate Shi’ite Islamist who was sworn into office in September, has sought to curb the violence carried out under his predecessor Nuri al-Maliki. One of Abadi’s first actions was to ban indiscriminate fire against Islamic State fighters in places civilians are also present. But most ordinary Sunnis have already fled the Belt's rural areas for the capital or big towns, leaving the military and militias to continue to hammer places they consider to be jihadist bastions. One such killing zone, the Sunni district of Jurf al-Sakhar, was cleared in late October. By then, most civilians had run away after months of fighting, and mortar, rocket and aerial bombardments. The military has now barred residents of the district, which lies close to the Islamic State's stronghold of western Anbar province, from returning.

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