@War. The Rise of the Military- Internet Complex

Рубрики: Военлит, Северная Америка, ВПК/Hi-Tech/Оружие Опубликовано: 22-11-2014

Imagine it's the year 2022. Across the Pacific Ocean, a small country — an American ally — has provoked a big adversary nearby. Call them Red. Red's size and military capabilities are near those of the United States. Red responds aggressively to its neighbor's provocation. Within days, the big adversary has crippled the smaller country's power grid, communications networks and other infrastructure through cyberwarfare. Then, Red launches a preemptive cyberattack against the small country's big ally: the United States. If you were the U.S. military, how would you respond? That was the scenario faced by a group of high-ranking officers huddled together at an Air Force base in Colorado for the 2010 Schriever Wargame. "It was a really instructive and, I think, very scary war gaming exercise for people in the military," writer Shane Harris tells NPR's Arun Rath. "The adversary in this game really got the advantage very quickly and won pretty decisively, because the American side really hadn't developed a playbook for how you would go to war between two large militaries in cyberspace." Harris recounts that 2010 Schriever Wargame in his new book, @War: The Rise of the Military-Internet Complex. The book looks cyberspace as war's "fifth domain" (after land, sea, air and space). Harris covers topics like the NSA, the role of cyber warfare in the Iraq troop surge of 2007, China's "rampant" espionage on American corporations — and the U.S. government's strategy of playing the victim. Harris tells Rath that after that alarming war game, the U.S. military's cyberforces became much more organized and sophisticated — but that China, the real-life country that parallels the imaginary Red, also is believed to have impressive capabilities.

Drifter, Dealer, Madman, Spy

Рубрики: Военлит Опубликовано: 19-11-2014

In the ’70s they were in Saigon. In the ’80s they were in Managua. In the aughts they haunted Kandahar and Kabul. Now they’ve resurfaced in Freetown, Arua, and Bamako. They belong to the international shadow class: stateless drifters, misanthropes, and adrenaline junkies with tenuous ties to intelligence agencies, drug cartels, and arms dealers. They are ambassadors of “the secrets and the dark,” in Denis Johnson’s phrase, and if their stories are slightly too good to be true, we can forgive them, because they fabricate for a living. The geopolitical situation may change, wars come and go, but these characters are always the same. They work for no one and everyone, but mainly they work for themselves. I have no idea whether such people exist in the real world, but for more than a century these shifty-eyed characters have shown up in the work of novelists as diverse as Joseph Conrad, G. K. Chesterton, Graham Greene, Joan Didion, Robert Stone, Don DeLillo, and James Ellroy. They have also appeared before in the novels of Denis Johnson; think of the nameless British businessman inThe Stars at Noon, adrift in Managua, who seems to be in cahoots with an oil company, the CIA, the Sandinistas, and the Contras; or the intelligence officers and spies in Tree of Smoke who pass freely between North and South Vietnam, ferrying secrets and assassination plots. Johnson has returned to international espionage in his slim new novel, which is set in Africa during the Obama administration. The Laughing Monsters is a traditional spy caper, and like any genre novel, it is most satisfying when it abandons convention and allows us insight into the author’s own personal madness.

A 3-Star General Explains Why We Lost' In Iraq and Afghanistan

Рубрики: Военлит, Интервью, Армия, Ирак, Афганистан Опубликовано: 15-11-2014

"I am a United States Army General, and I lost the Global War on Terrorism." Those are the frank opening words of a new book by retired Army Lt. Gen. Daniel Bolger,Why We Lost: A General's Inside Account of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars. Bolger continues: "It's like Alcoholics Anonymous. Step one is admitting you have a problem. Well, I have a problem. So do my peers. And thanks to our problem, now all of America has a problem. To wit: two lost campaigns and a war gone awry." In over 500 pages, the retired three-star general describes the conflicting agendas that haunted both campaigns, as well as the difficulty of identifying the enemy and the looming specter of Vietnam. "The bravery and sacrifice of the people that I was privileged to serve with should be saluted," he tells NPR's Karen Grigsby Bates. "And the mistakes, the errors made by guys like me have to be accounted for and explained so we can learn and do better in the event we have to do something like this again." It's a timely work, scheduled to be released on Veterans Day — a few days after Friday's announcement that the president has authorized the deployment of 1500 additional troops to Iraq. Bolger tells Grigsby Bates about the worrying signs he noticed at the very start of the campaigns, and why the conflicts were so challenging for the U.S. military.

Всеволод Гаршин. Четыре дня

Рубрики: Военлит Опубликовано: 13-11-2014

Я помню, как мы бежали по лесу, как жужжали пули, как падали отрываемые ими ветки, как мы продирались сквозь кусты боярышника. Выстрелы стали чаще. Сквозь опушку показалось что-то красное, мелькавшее там и сям. Сидоров, молоденький солдатик первой роты ("как он попал в нашу цепь?" - мелькнуло у меня в голове), вдруг присел к земле и молча оглянулся на меня большими испуганными глазами. Изо рта у него текла струя крови. Да, я это хорошо помню. Я помню также, как уже почти на опушке, в густых кустах, я увидел... его. Он был огромный толстый турок, но я бежал прямо на него, хотя я слаб и худ. Что-то хлопнуло, что-то, как мне показалось; огромное пролетело мимо; в ушах зазвенело. "Это он в меня выстрелил", - подумал я. А он с воплем ужаса прижался спиною к густому кусту боярышника. Можно было обойти куст, но от страха он не помнил ничего и лез на колючие ветви. Одним ударом я вышиб у него ружье, другим воткнул куда-то свой штык. Что-то не то зарычало, не то застонало. Потом я побежал дальше. Наши кричали "ура!", падали, стреляли. Помню, и я сделал несколько выстрелов, уже выйдя из лесу, на поляне. Вдруг "ура" раздалось громче, и мы сразу двинулись вперед. То есть не мы, а наши, потому что я остался. Мне это показалось странным. Еще страннее было то, что вдруг все исчезло; все крики и выстрелы смолкли. Я не слышал ничего, а видел только что-то синее; должно быть, это было небо. Йотом и оно исчезло.   Я никогда не находился в таком странном положении. Я лежу, кажется, на животе и вижу перед собою только маленький кусочек земли. Несколько травинок, муравей, ползущий с одной из них вниз головою, какие-то кусочки сора от прошлогодней травы - вот весь мой мир, И вижу я его только одним глазом, потому что другой зажат чем-то твердым, должно быть веткою, на которую опирается моя голова. Мне ужасно неловко, и я хочу, но решительно не понимаю, почему не могу, шевельнуться.

Literature and the Vietnam War

Рубрики: Военлит, Вьетнам Опубликовано: 08-11-2014

The literature about the Vietnam War, as raw and real as it was, seems to have faded from view. Unlike great war fiction — The Red and the Black, The Red Badge of Courage, War and Peace, All Quiet on the Western Front, and A Farewell to Arms — that is read for generations, becoming part of a literary culture, the Vietnam novels and memoirs are specific to a time and place. The soldiers and journalists who wrote about the war were close to the action; they wrote of an experience they lived. Their books had a spurt of recognition but are probably read now only by people with a special interest in the war or by high school students confronted with Tim O’Brien on their English curriculum. We didn’t win the war, and it didn’t represent us as either noble or idealistic. On some level, many who opposed the war (and some who supported it) feel guilty, still. No matter how strenuously we protested, it was our country that did this. We are haunted by U.S. participation and feel implicated. We wonder about our loss of standing as defenders of freedom. We worry about whether we learned any lessons from Vietnam. Are we more cautious in international relations? Are we less “quick on the trigger”? Even partially positive answers to these questions are dubious. Nostalgic “cold warriors” may believe that we were fighting to prevent the establishment of a communist/totalitarian regime. Others, skep-tical of that rationale, think about the cost in lives — the nearly sixty thousand Americans who died for no benefit to their country or the world and the hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese who died as their longembattled country was nearly destroyed — and the cost to our national reputation.

Вышла новая книга самого известного современного военного поэта США

Автор: Тернер Брайан Рубрики: Военлит, Интервью, Поэзия, Судьба Опубликовано: 06-11-2014

I could have written this all completely for myself, which I did, on its own. But sharing it with others, what's the point in doing that? Part of me hopes that through some of these moments, they might be completed in the reader ... the war might come home. And I know that's very difficult — I don't want to inflict pain or indict the citizens around me. But this is a part of our time, and I want to be in a dialogue with people about it.


Рубрики: Военлит, Интервью, Северная Америка, Ирак Опубликовано: 02-11-2014

15 октября в США объявили финалистов престижной американской литературной премии — Национальной книжной премии. В короткий список в четырех номинациях попадают по 5 номинантов (в длинном списке было по 10). Победители будут названы 20 ноября на торжественной церемонии в Манхэттене. В числе претендентов на главный приз в номинации "Художественна литература" книга Фила Клэя, морпеха и ветерана войны в Ираке.

Marine Turned Novelist Brings Brutal, Everyday Work Of War Into Focus

Рубрики: Военлит, Ирак Опубликовано: 26-10-2014

Their mission is to fill potholes — to repair the roads and highways of western Iraq so that the troops and supplies and civilians can move freely on them. The problem is the potholes are created by IEDs, roadside bombs, and the insurgent cells were planting IEDs in the same potholes over and over and over again. So when you go out to repair the potholes, you had to first clear the bomb that was waiting for you that had been planted overnight, typically. So it was just this endless grind of really brutal manual labor in a very dangerous environment. And this was not my job; it was the job of a very close friend of mine named Ed ... who did this for a stretch in Iraq. And I asked him the question, "How many of those potholes had another bomb in them, Ed?" And he said, "Oh, every single one." I did not have an exciting, super action-packed Iraq experience, but my close, close friends did, and I was there with them when they did. And their stories weren't being told the way I thought they should. I wanted to tell a story that didn't fetishize combat. It was a war story with very little real combat as we know it. Because war is work, right? It's sweaty and it's exhausting and sometimes it's carrying bags of concrete in the 130-degree sun and wondering if you're just going to get engaged by a sniper when your back is turned. And it was not glamorous and it's not SEAL Team 6; it's just work, and I wanted to tell a story about that. On his decision to write part of the book from an Iraqi's perspective — that of a young interpreter named Dodge. The combat in Iraq, the fighting done by the Marines there, was not an end unto itself — we didn't go there to fight just to fight. The fighting was part of a larger military mission, and that military mission was the safety and security of the Iraqi people. That was the reason why I included a narrator who was Iraqi. It was really their war much more than it was ever ours and I wanted their story told as well. ...

Без неба

Рубрики: Военлит Опубликовано: 21-10-2014

Над нашим поселком неба не было. Поэтому мы ходили смотреть на луну и птиц в город. На другой берег реки. Горожане недолюбливали нас. Но препятствий не чинили. Даже оборудовали на одном из холмов, там, где кирпичная  церковь, смотровую площадку. Поскольку они почему-то считали нас пьяницами, на площадке, кроме скамеек и платного телескопа, разместили небольшую пивную. И полицейский пост. Горожан можно понять. Они много страдали от злобы и зависти приезжих. И хоть нам было обидно, что в нас, их ближайших соседях,почти горожанах,они  видели чужаков, но понять их было можно. Ведь и они все-таки нас понимали. Не гнали. Что бы ни писали их сайты, не гнали. Всем ведь понятно, если честно, что мы остались без неба не по своей вине. Напротив, нам в каком-то смысле выпала большая честь. Ведь маршалы четырех коалиций выбрали именно наше небо для генерального сражения. Потому что небо над нашим поселком было лучшим в мире. Ровное, безоблачное. Солнце текло по нему широкой спокойной рекой. Я его хорошо помню. Солнце. И небо. Маршалы нашли это место идеальным для последней битвы. Неудивительно. Тогда все армии были воздушные. А тут - нулевая облачность, нулевая турбулентность. И вообще. Это была первая нелинейная война. В примитивных войнах девятнадцатого, двадцатого и других средних веков дрались обычно две стороны. Две нации или два временных союза. Теперь столкнулись четыре коалиции. И не то, что двое на двое. Или трое против одного. Нет. Все против всех.

Cope With The Mental-Health Effects Of A Decade At War

Рубрики: Военлит, Интервью, Северная Америка, Судьба Опубликовано: 20-10-2014

Foreign Policy's managing editor, Yochi Dreazen, has had an accomplished career as a conflict journalist and spent five years reporting from Iraq and Afghanistan. But his first book, "The Invisible Front: Love and Loss in an Era of Endless War," spends relatively little time on the battlefield. It's about the psychological traumas of war — and what the US military is and isn't doing to assist soldiers affected by post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental-health issues. The book tells the story of the efforts of two-star general Mark Graham and his wife, Carol, to change the Army's attitudes toward mental health after losing both of their sons in a few short months. Jeffrey Graham, a second lieutenant in the Army, was killed by a roadside bomb attack in Iraq. His brother, Kevin, a promising Reserve Officer Training Corps cadet, killed himself months earlier, and had gone off of his antidepressants because he feared discovery of his depression would lead to the end of his military career. The Grahams succeeded in pushing for antisuicide and mental-health reforms in the military. But the first half of 2014 saw an uptick in the military's already troubling active-duty suicide rate.


Автор: Халимова Фаиза Рубрики: Эксклюзив, Военлит, Судьба, Кавказ Опубликовано: 19-10-2014

Сегодня у мамы день рождения. И мы, ее дети, решили устроить небольшой праздник. Соберемся, поговорим, наедимся, а она вспомнит наши детские шалости, посмеемся, потом помолчим. Папы давно уже нет… Мама любит кизиловый сок домашнего приготовления, а я – нет. Удавом окутывают меня при виде красного напитка тяжелые воспоминая прошлого и душат - душат - душат… Затянувшееся серой вуалью небо, вместо облаков черные сгустки дыма, волнами поднимающиеся от горящих жилищ. Понемногу, словно небесный дворник, их разметает ветер, но только на время. Просто «железные вОроны» устали, решили подкрепиться, чтобы сильнее ударить, да «наверняка» попасть. Крылья их перегрелись… Пару банок тушенки и «наводчики железных птиц» вновь готовы отсеивать добро от зла… Неважно, почему так произошло, и кто виноват. Здесь одна правда – страдание. Есть одна истина – смерть. Весна, осень, лето или зима, богат или беден, молод или стар, женщина или мужчина – ничто и никто не имеет значения. Люди делятся только на живых и мертвых, и, тех, кому бы лучше умереть…

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